PREVALENCE OF SPONTANEOUS VAGINAL DELIVERIES AMONG PREGNANT FEMALES

1- DR. FAISAL BASHIR, NISHTAR MEDICAL COLLEGE MULTAN
2- DR. NAIMA FAYYAZ, FAUJI FOUNDATION HOSPITAL RAWALPINDI
3- DR. NABEELA SHAMS, RHC BAGGA SHEIKHAN

Corresponding Author: Dr. Faisal Bashir, Nishtar Medical College Multan, faisal.777177@gmail.com
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4271867
Cite this article as: Bashir F, Fayyaz N, Shams N. Prevalence of spontaneous vaginal deliveries among pregnant females. Int. J. Med. Dent. Allied Health Sci. 2020;2(10). 403-08

ABSTRACT: Labor is a physiologic process during which the products of conception (ie, the fetus, membranes, umbilical cord, and placenta) are expelled outside of the uterus. Labor is achieved with changes in the biochemical connective tissue and with gradual effacement and dilatation of the uterine cervix as a result of rhythmic uterine contractions of sufficient frequency, intensity, and duration. This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients presenting in labor rooms. A total of 230 patients were included in this study. Brief demographic data i.e. name, maternal age, gestational age, any co-morbidity, and any other finding was noted on a predefined proforma. All the data was entered and analyzed in SPSS Ver. 23.0. The quantitative variables were presented as mean and standard deviation. The qualitative variables were presented as frequency and percentages. The mean age of the patients was 30.32+2.34 years. The minimum age was 24 years and maximum age was 33 years. Out of 230 patients, 23 had pre-eclampsia and 38 had gestational diabetes. All the patients were given the trial of labour. Out of 230 patients, spontaneous vaginal delivery was successful in 178 patients (77.40%). Fifty-two patients (22.60%) were shifted for Caesarean section due to certain complications.

Keywords: SPONTANEOUS VAGINAL DELIVERIES